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Philippines flag
Republic of the Philippines
Republika ņg Pilipinas
   The Philippines is an archipelago of over 7,000 islands in the Pacific Ocean, north-east of Borneo; Luzon and Mindanao contribute 2/3 of the total area. The territory is affected by strong volcanic and seismic activities; due to their origin many of the main islands have reliefs of a certain entity.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 299,404 kmē (115,601 sq mi)
Population 109,035,000 inh. (2020 census)
Population 111,572,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 373 inh/kmē (965 inh/miē)
Capital Manila (1,847,000 pop., 24,922,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Philippine peso
Human development index 0.699 (116th place)
Languages Filipino, English (both official)
Life expectancy M 67 years, F 75 years
Location in Asia


Surrounded by the Pacific Ocean


Largest cities
Quezon City 2,960,000 pop.
Manila 1,847,000 pop., 24,922,000 urban aggl.
Davao City 1,777,000 pop.
Caloocan 1,662,000 pop.
Zamboanga 977,000 pop.
Cebu City 964,000 pop., 2,518,000 urban aggl.
Highest mountains
Mount Apo 2,954 m (9,692 ft)
Mount Dulang-dulang 2,941 m (9,649 ft)
Mount Pulag 2,928 m (9,606 ft)
Longest rivers
Cagayan 505 km (314 mi)
Mindanao 373 km (232 mi)
Magat 353 km (219 mi)
Agusan 350 km (217 mi)
Largest lakes
Laguna de Bay 900 kmē (347 sq mi)
Lanao 347 kmē (134 sq mi)
Taal 234 kmē (90 sq mi)
Mainit 140 kmē (54 sq mi)
Naujan 109 kmē (42 sq mi)
Largest islands
Luzon 104,688 kmē (40,420 sq mi)
Mindanao 94,630 kmē (36,537 sq mi)
Samar 13,080 kmē (5,050 sq mi)
Negros 12,705 kmē (4,905 sq mi)
Palawan 11,785 kmē (4,550 sq mi)
Panay 11,515 kmē (4,446 sq mi)
Mindoro 9,735 kmē (3,759 sq mi)
Leyte 7,214 kmē (2,785 sq mi)
Cebu 4,422 kmē (1,707 sq mi)
Bohol 3,865 kmē (1,492 sq mi)


   The country is administratively divided into 17 regions, 3 of which are special (those of the capital Manila, the Cordillera and Bangsamoro); the Bangsamoro region is the largest and the only one over 30,000 square kilometers, while Calabarzon, the capital region and Central Luzon are the most populous, all abundantly over 10 million inhabitants.

   In the Philippines there are a total of 53 cities with at least 250,000 inhabitants, most of which are located in the area of the capital Manila; the other major urban centers are located on Mindanao or in the Western Visayas around Cebu City.