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Singapore flag
Republic of Singapore
Republik Singapura
   Singapore is a city-state made up of a main island and other smaller islands, located at the southern end of the Malacca Peninsula and separated from Malaysia by a narrow stretch of sea. The strategic position at the mouth of the Strait of Malacca has made Singapore one of the main commercial centers in Asia; given the smallness of the territory and the high population, it is one of the countries with the highest population density on the planet.
Government type Parliamentary republic
Area 733 kmē (283 sq mi)
Population 5,686,000 inh. (2020 census)
Population 5,918,000 inh. (2023 est.)
Population density 8,074 inh/kmē (20,912 inh/miē)
Capital Singapore (5,918,000 pop.)
Currency Singapore dollar
Human development index 0.939 (12th place)
Languages English, Malay, Mandarin, Tamil (all official)
Life expectancy M 81 years, F 85 years
Location in Asia


Johore Strait NORTH
Singapore Strait SOUTH


Largest cities
Singapore 5,918,000 pop.
Highest elevation
164 m (538 ft) in Bukit Timah area
Longest rivers
Seletar 15 km (9.3 mi)
Largest islands
Pulau Ujong 640 kmē (247 sq mi)
Jurong 32 kmē (12.4 sq mi)
Tekong 24.5 kmē (9.5 sq mi)
Ubin 10 kmē (3.9 sq mi)


   Singapore is divided into 5 urban planning areas, named according to their geographic location; the western region is the largest, while the eastern one is the smallest and only one under 100 kmē of surface.