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Iceland flag
Republic of Iceland
Lř­veldi­ ═sland
   Iceland is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic, located close to the Arctic Circle about 300 km from Greenland; its coasts are mostly jagged and descend to the sea with steep sides. The territory is for the most part inhospitable and covered in some areas by ice due to the position of this island and the density is one of the lowest on the planet; the only urbanized area and where almost 2/3 of the inhabitants are concentrated is the one around the capital.
Government type Parliamentary republic
Area 102,775 km▓ (39,682 sq mi)
Population 372,000 inh. (2021)
Population density 3.6 inh/km▓ (9.4 inh/mi▓)
Capital Reykjavik (134,000 pop.)
Currency Icelandic krˇna
Human development index 0.949 (4th place)
Languages Icelandic
Life expectancy M 81 years, F 84 years
Location in Europe


Arctic Ocean NORTH and EAST
Atlantic Ocean SOUTH and WEST


Largest cities
Reykjavik 134,000 pop.
Kˇpavogur 38,800 pop.
Hafnarfj÷r­ur 29,500 pop.
Highest mountains
Hvannadalshnj˙kur 2,110 m (6,923 ft)
Largest glacier
Vatnaj÷kull 8,300 km▓ (3,205 sq mi)
Longest rivers
Ůjˇrsß 230 km (143 mi)
J÷kulsß ß Fj÷llum 206 km (128 mi)
Ílfusß/HvÝtß 185 km (115 mi)
Largest lakes
Ůingvallavatn 82 km▓ (32 sq mi)
L÷gurinn 53 km▓ (20 sq mi)
Mřvatn 37 km▓ (14 sq mi)
Largest islands
Iceland 102,724 km▓ (39,662 sq mi)
Heimaey 13 km▓ (5 sq mi)
HrÝsey ß Eyjafir­i 8 km▓ (3.1 sq mi)


   Iceland is administratively divided into 8 regions; that of the capital, while constituting just 1.03% of the territory, hosts almost 2/3 of the population, with the other regions which in some cases do not even reach 1 inhabitant per square kilometer.

   As can be seen from the second map, most of the major urban centers are located a few kilometers from Reykjavik, while in the rest of the country there are almost exclusively small and isolated villages.