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Ghana flag
Republic of Ghana
   Ghana (once known as the Gold Coast) is located east of the Ivory Coast and faces the Atlantic Ocean to the south; the territory is mainly hilly, while the coastal strip is flat. Ghana can be considered one of the most industrialized black African countries, important from this point of view was the construction of the dam on the Volta river, which guaranteed low cost electricity.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 238,533 kmē (92,098 sq mi)
Population 30,832,000 inh. (2021 census)
Population 33,180,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 139 inh/kmē (360 inh/miē)
Capital Accra (1,782,000 pop., 5,785,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Ghanaian cedi
Human development index 0.632 (133rd place)
Languages English (official), regional languages
Life expectancy M 62 years, F 65 years
Location in Africa


Ivory Coast WEST
Burkina Faso NORTH
Atlantic Ocean SOUTH


Largest cities
Accra 1,782,000 pop., 5,785,000 urban aggl.
Kumasi 444,000 pop., 4,794,000 urban aggl.
Tamale 375,000 pop., 1,000,000 urban aggl.
Sekondi-Takoradi 245,000 pop., 1,058,000 urban aggl.
Highest mountains
Mount Afadja 885 m (2,904 ft)
Longest rivers
Volta (with Black Volta) 1,600 km (994 mi) total, including sections in Burkina Faso and Ivory Coast
White Volta 640 km (398 mi) total, with the stretch in Burkina Faso
Largest lakes
Lake Volta (artificial) 8,500 kmē (3,282 sq mi)
Lake Bosumtwi 49 kmē (19 sq mi)


   The regions of Ghana, the country's top administrative level, went from 10 to 16 in December 2018; the two regions of Ashanti, which has Kumasi as its capital, and Greater Accra are clearly the most populated, while that of Savannah is the largest, but at the same time also the second least populated.

   At the 2010 census, Accra and Kumasi had a very similar population, just over 2 million; as can be seen clearly from the second map, most of the major urban centers are located in the central-southern area, much more densely populated than the north part of the country.