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Ivory Coast flag
Republic of Côte d'Ivoire
République de Côte d'Ivoire
   West African country west of Ghana, facing south on the Gulf of Guinea (Atlantic Ocean); the Ivory Coast owes its name to the numerous presence of elephants in the past, hunted for centuries by European colonizers and now reduced to a few hundred specimens; once a thriving colony, this nation has seen its economic condition worsen in recent years, becoming one of the poorest countries in the world.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 322,463 km² (124,504 sq mi)
Population 29,389,000 inh. (2021 census)
Population density 91 inh/km² (236 inh/mi²)
Capital Yamoussoukro (213,000 pop.)
Currency West African CFA franc
Human development index 0.550 (159th place)
Languages French (official), Dioula and other regional languages
Life expectancy M 60 years, F 65 years
Location in Africa


Liberia and Guinea WEST
Mali and Burkina Faso NORTH
Ghana EAST
Atlantic Ocean SOUTH


Largest cities
Abidjan 5,678,000 pop.
Bouaké 662,000 pop.
Korhogo 441,000 pop.
Daloa 422,000 pop.
Yamoussoukro 213,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Mount Richard-Molard 1,752 m (5,748 ft)
Longest rivers
Bandama 800 km (497 mi)
Komoé 760 km (472 mi) total, including the initial section in Burkina Faso
Sassandra 650 km (404 mi)
Cavalla 515 km (320 mi) total, with sections in Guinea and Liberia
Largest lakes
Lake Kossou (artificial) 1,855 km² (716 sq mi)


   Ivory Coast is divided into 14 districts, including the two autonomous districts of the cities of Abidjan and Yamassoukro; the two northern districts of Savanes and Zanzan are the largest, while Abidjan is the one with the largest population, about double that of the other more populated districts.

   Almost all the main cities of the country are located in the more densely populated central-southern area, with the exception of Korhogo, the only significant urban center in the north of the Ivory Coast; only Abidjan exceeds one million inhabitants, not too far from the 5 million mark.