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Kuwait flag
State of Kuwait
Dawlat al-Kuwayt
   Kuwait jumped to the headlines for the invasion suffered by neighboring Iraq and the subsequent Gulf War in 1990-91; to the south it also borders with Saudi Arabia. The terrain of Kuwait is sandy desert, though the fact of being at the extremity of the Persian Gulf mitigates the climate a little bit, but the rains are very scarce; the economy is centered on the exploitation of the rich oil fields discovered in 1938.
Government type Hereditary constitutional monarchy
Area 17,818 kmē (6,880 sq mi)
Population 3,066,000 inh. (2011 census)
Population 4,217,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 237 inh/kmē (613 inh/miē)
Capital Kuwait City (62,100 pop., 3,240,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Kuwaiti dinar
Human development index 0.831 (50th place)
Languages Arabic (official), English
Life expectancy M 78 years, F 82 years
Location in Asia


Saudi Arabia SOUTH
Persian Gulf (Indian Ocean) EAST


Largest cities
Hawalli 957,000 pop., 3,240,000 urban aggl., largest city in the agglomeration of the capital Kuwait City
Al-Farwaniyah 893,000 pop.
Al-Fintas 516,000 pop.
Highest elevation
306 m (1,004 ft) near the western edge of the country
Longest rivers
Only non-permanent rivers
Largest lakes
Only non-permanent lakes
Largest islands
Bubiyan 863 kmē (333 sq mi)


   Kuwait is administratively divided into 6 governorates, with those of Al Jahrah and Al Ahmadi making up 97% of the territory, although that of Al Farwaniyah, much smaller, has a greater number of inhabitants.

   All major cities are located along the coastal strip on the Persian Gulf and are practically part of a single large urban agglomeration around the capital Al-Kuwait.

Kuwait City