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Saudi Arabia flag
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Al Mamlakah al ‘Arabiyah as Su‘udiyah
   Saudi Arabia occupies a large part of the Arabian Peninsula, of which it is obviously the pivotal country, both politically, religiously and culturally. Despite the large surface area, Arabia is not very populated, the main reason is that much of the territory is desert, indeed until a few years ago some extremely arid areas had never even been explored by man.
Government type Absolute monarchy
Area 2,149,690 km² (830,000 sq mi)
Population 27,137,000 inh. (2010 census)
Population 36,408,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 17 inh/km² (44 inh/mi²)
Capital Riyadh (7,237,000 pop.)
Currency Saudi riyal
Human development index 0.854 (40th place)
Languages Arabic
Life expectancy M 74 years, F 76 years
Location in Asia

Boundaries:

Iraq and Kuwait NORTH
Jordan NORTH-WEST
Qatar and United Arab Emirates EAST
Oman SOUTH-EAST
Yemen SOUTH
Indian Ocean WEST (Red Sea) and EAST (Persian Gulf)

GEOGRAPHY DATA OF SAUDI ARABIA


Largest cities
Riyadh 7,237,000 pop.
Jiddah 4,583,000 pop.
Mecca 1,944,000 pop.
Medina 1,497,000 pop.
Dammam 1,253,000 pop., 2,700,000 urban aggl.
Highest mountains
Jabal Sawda 3,133 m (10,279 ft)
Longest rivers
Only non-permanent rivers
Largest lakes
Only non-permanent lakes
Largest islands
Farasan Island 369 km² (142 sq mi)
Sajid Island 156 km² (60 sq mi)

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF SAUDI ARABIA

   Saudi Arabia is divided into 13 provinces, with the two largest of al-Sharqiyya and Riyadh alone making up half the territory; regarding the population, the province of Mecca is the one with the greatest number of inhabitants, in front of the province of the capital.

   At the 2010 census there were 27 cities with at least 100,000 inhabitants, of which 4 over one million; as can be seen from the second map, the population is concentrated in some areas, such as those of Jeddah-Mecca and Dammam on the Persian Gulf.






Riyadh



Photos


(click to enlarge)

Mecca
Mecca

Lower Najd
Lower Najd

Diriyah
Diriyah

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