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Qatar flag
State of Qatar
Dawlat Qatar
   Qatar is a peninsular state located in the central-eastern part of the Arabian Peninsula and therefore faces the Persian Gulf; the territory is totally flat and desert, as for other countries in this area of the earth the economy is centered on the exploitation of oil fields.
Government type Constitutional monarchy
Area 11,627 km˛ (4,489 sq mi)
Population 2,846,000 inh. (2020 census)
Population 2,938,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 253 inh/km˛ (654 inh/mi˛)
Capital Doha (872,000 pop., 1,886,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Qatari riyal
Human development index 0.855 (42nd place)
Languages Arabic (official), English
Life expectancy M 79 years, F 82 years
Location in Asia


Saudi Arabia SOUTH-WEST
Persian Gulf (Indian Ocean) WEST, NORTH and EAST


Largest cities
Doha 872,000 pop., 1,886,000 urban aggl.
Al Rayyan 800,000 pop.
Ad-Dawhah al-Mintaqat as-Sinayah 314,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Qurayn Abu al Bawl 103 m (338 ft)
Longest rivers
Only non-permanent rivers
Largest lakes
Only non-permanent lakes


   Qatar is made up of 8 municipalities, with that of Al Shahaniya being the largest and only one over 3,000 square kilometers, while the municipality of Doha, despite being the smallest one, is the most populated, with about 2/5 of the population of the country that lives here.

   All the major cities of Qatar are located in the central-eastern area of the territory, especially in the urban area of the capital Doha or on the coasts of the Persian Gulf; in all there were 12 urban centers over 25,000 inhabitants at the last census of 2020.