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Vietnam flag
Kingdom of Thailand
Ratcha Anachak Thai
   Thinking of Vietnam unfortunately immediately comes to mind the bloody war of the 1960-70s, which obviously had many consequences for this Indochina country in the following decades; Vietnam has a very elongated and narrow physiognomy and stretches out towards the South China Sea, in the north-western extremity there are the highest mountains, while the rest of the territory is mainly hilly and flat, in particular at the mouth of Mekong and Red River.
Government type Socialist republic
Area 331,344 kmē (127,933 sq mi)
Population 96,209,000 inh. (2019 census)
Population 98,506,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 297 inh/kmē (770 inh/miē)
Capital Hanoi (3,605,000 pop., 7,547,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Vietnamese dong
Human development index 0.703 (115th place)
Languages Vietnamese (official), Chinese, French, Khmer
Life expectancy M 71 years, F 76 years
Location in Asia


Laos and Cambodia WEST
South China Sea (Pacific Ocean) EAST and SOUTH


Largest cities
Ho Chi Minh 7,005,000 pop., 15,136,000 urban aggl.
Hanoi 3,605,000 pop., 7,547,000 urban aggl.
Da Nang 989,000 pop., 1,568,000 urban aggl.
Haiphong 842,000 pop., 1,742,000 urban aggl.
Bien Hoa 831,000 pop.
Can Tho 812,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Fan Si Pan 3,143 m (10,312 ft)
Longest rivers
Mekong 4,350 km (2,703 mi) total, 220 km (137 mi) in Vietnam
Red River 1,180 km (733 mi) total, 495 km (308 mi) in Vietnam
Black River 910 km (565 mi) total, 527 km (327 mi) in Vietnam
Ðong Nai 586 km (364 mi)
Largest lakes
Ba Be Lake 6.5 kmē (2.5 sq mi)
Largest islands
Phu Quoc 574 kmē (222 sq mi)
Cai Bau 172 kmē (66.5 sq mi)
Cat Ba 140 kmē (54 sq mi)


   In Vietnam there are 58 provinces and 5 city municipalities, which are administratively on the same level; the provinces of Nghe An and Gia Lai are the largest and the only, albeit slightly, over 15,000 kmē of surface area, while the two municipalities of Ho Chi Minh and Hanoi have the largest number of inhabitants, both more than double compared to the most populous province, Thanh Hoa.

   The distribution of the major cities is mainly concentrated around the two metropolises Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh, with some exceptions; in all there are 25 inhabited centers with more than 200,000 inhabitants.