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Denmark flag
Kingdom of Denmark
Kongeriget Danmark
   Denmark is the southernmost of the Scandinavian countries; the territory consists of a peninsula, the Jylland, and about 400 islands between Baltic Sea and North Sea. The common element of the territory is the altitude always below 200 meters, but more than the plain we can speak of slight undulations and hills; the capital is located on the largest island, Sjælland.
Government type Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Area 42,947 km² (16,582 sq mi)
Population 5,933,000 inh. (2023)
Population density 138 inh/km² (358 inh/mi²)
Capital Copenhagen (816,000 pop., 1,649,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Danish krone
Human development index 0.948 (6th place)
Languages Danish
Life expectancy M 80 years, F 84 years
Dependent areas Faroe Islands (1,396 km² - 539 sq mi, 54,100 pop.)
Dependent areas Greenland (2,166,086 km² - 836,330 sq mi, 56,900 pop.)
Location in Europe


Germany SOUTH
North Sea WEST and NORTH
Baltic Sea EAST


Largest cities
Copenhagen 816,000 pop., 1,649,000 urban aggl.
Aarhus 285,000 pop.
Odense 181,000 pop.
Aalborg 120,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Møllehøj 170.86 m (561 ft)
Longest rivers
Gudenå 176 km (109 mi)
Storå 104 km (65 mi)
Largest lakes
Arresø 39.7 km² (15.3 sq mi)
Esrum sø 17.4 km² (6.7 sq mi)
Mossø 16.5 km² (6.4 sq mi)
Largest islands
Zealand 7,049 km² (2,722 sq mi)
Vendsyssel-Thy 4,674 km² (1,805 sq mi)
Funen 2,989 km² (1,154 sq mi)
Lolland 1,245 km² (481 sq mi)
Bornholm 589 km² (227 sq mi)


   Denmark is divided into 5 regions, which have replaced the counties since 1 January 2007; Central Jutland and Southern Denmark are the only two above 10,000 km², while Hovedstaden is the one with the smallest area, but also the most populated since it includes the capital, by far the largest danish city.

   There are 26 inhabited centers with at least 25,000 inhabitants, four of which exceed one hundred thousand units, in the order of Copenaghen, which also exceeds one million people in its urban area, Aarhus, Odense and Aalborg; the distribution is quite homogeneous among the different parts of the country.