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Ireland flag
   Ireland corresponds to just over 4/5 of the homonymous island, except for the north-eastern part belonging to the United Kingdom, from which it has undergone various influences over the centuries. The territory is more varied than you think, it is dominated by the famous Irish green meadows, but it is also characterized by hilly and low mountain areas, the coasts are mild in some points, much more rugged, jagged and overlooking the sea in others; the economy has had a late development but now it can be considered at the global top in some sectors such as information technology.
Government type Parliamentary republic
Area 70,273 kmē (27,133 sq mi)
Population 5,149,000 inh. (2022 census)
Population density 73 inh/kmē (190 inh/miē)
Capital Dublin (593,000 pop., 1,387,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Euro
Human development index 0.945 (8th place)
Languages English, Irish (both official)
Life expectancy M 80 years, F 84 years
Location in Europe


United Kingdom (Northern Ireland) NORTH-EAST
Atlantic Ocean NORTH, WEST and SOUTH
Irish Sea EAST


Largest cities
Dublin 593,000 pop., 1,387,000 urban aggl.
Cork 131,000 pop., 223,000 urban aggl.
Galway 84,400 pop.
Limerick 62,700 pop.
Waterford 54,300 pop.
Highest mountains
Carrantuohill 1,038 m (3,406 ft)
Longest rivers
Shannon 360 km (224 mi)
Barrow 192 km (119 mi)
Suir 184 km (114 mi)
Largest lakes
Corrib 176 kmē (68 sq mi)
Derg 118 kmē (46 sq mi)
Ree 105 kmē (41 sq mi)
Largest islands
Ireland 84,421 kmē (32,595 sq mi) total, 70,050 kmē (27,046 sq mi) in Ireland
Achill 148 kmē (57 sq mi)
Inishmore 31 kmē (12 sq mi)
Valentia 26 kmē (10 sq mi)


   Ireland is divided into 31 first level administrative units, 28 counties and 3 city councils, Cork, Dublin and Galway; County Cork, in the southwestern part, is both the largest and most populated; several of the central counties do not even reach a hundred thousand inhabitants.

   19 urban centers exceed 15,000 inhabitants, in some cases only briefly; apart from Dublin and Cork all the other main cities remain below the 100,000 population limit; the second map shows how the distribution of the population is concentrated mainly around Dublin, while in other areas the larger cities are generally more distant from each other.