Republic of San Marino Serenissima Repubblica di San Marino
San Marino is one of the few countries to be completely incorporated into another, bordering Emilia-Romagna and the Marches, two regions of Italy. This small Republic has existed for centuries (1291 the official year of recognition, but was born in 301 AD) and has always maintained its independence by keeping its distance from Italian historical events; the territory is hilly, with Monte Titano as its highest elevation.
Government type Parliamentary republic Area 61 km² (23.6 sq mi) Population 33,600 inh. (2021) Population density 551 inh/km² (1,424 inh/mi²)
Capital San Marino (4,100 pop.) Currency Euro Languages Italian Life expectancy M 83 years, F 87 years
Ausa 17.2 km (10.7 mi) total, including the Italian stretch
ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF SAN MARINO
Administratively San Marino is divided into 9 municipalities (castelli), with that of Serravalle being both the most populated and the largest, while the castle of Montegiardino occupies the last position in both rankings, with a population of just under 1,000 inhabitants and a surface area of 3.3 Km².