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Vatican City flag
Vatican City State
Stato della Citta del Vaticano
Status Civitatis Vaticanae
   The Vatican City is the smallest country in the world, since it does not even reach half a square kilometer in square area; it is located in the city of Rome. Born in 1929, the Vatican is obviously a very special state given that the Pope has political and religious sovereignty as well.
Government type Absolute monarchy
Area 0.44 km² (0.17 sq mi)
Population 620 inh. (2022)
Population density 1,409 inh/km² (3,647 inh/mi²)
Capital Vatican City (620 pop.)
Currency Euro
Languages Latin, Italian (both official)
Location in Europe


Internal to Italy


Largest cities
Vatican City 620 pop.
Highest elevation
75 m (246 ft)

Vatican City