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Guinea-Bissau flag
Republic of Guinea-Bissau
República da Guiné-Bissau
   Guinea-Bissau is a small to medium-sized country located between Senegal and Guinea and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west. The territory is totally flat and rich in waterways; the economy is mostly subsistence and is based on fishing and agriculture, making Guinea-Bissau one of the poorest countries in the world.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 36,125 km² (13,948 sq mi)
Population 1,521,000 inh. (2009 census)
Population 1,816,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 50 inh/km² (130 inh/mi²)
Capital Bissau (492,000 pop., 617,000 urban aggl.)
Currency West African CFA franc
Human development index 0.483 (177th place)
Languages Portuguese (official), Portuguese Creole, regional languages
Life expectancy M 56 years, F 60 years
Location in Africa


Senegal NORTH
Guinea EAST and SOUTH
Atlantic Ocean WEST


Largest cities
Bissau 492,000 pop., 617,000 urban aggl.
Gabú 44,000 pop.
Bafatá 30,000 pop.
Highest elevation
300 m (984 ft) in the south-east of the country
Longest rivers
Corubal 560 km (348 mi) total, with the part in Guinea
Geba 550 km (342 mi) total, including sections in Guinea and Senegal
Cacheu 257 km (160 mi)
Largest islands
Pecixe 168 km² (65 sq mi)
Formosa 140 km² (54 sq mi)
Orango 123 km² (47 sq mi)


   Guinea-Bissau is administratively divided into 8 regions, with the capital Bissau forming a separate district with similar status; Gabú, with just under ten thousand square kilometers of surface area, is the largest region, while Bissau occupies the first place in terms of the number of inhabitants.

   Only the capital Bissau can be considered a real city, while two other inhabited centers have more than 25,000 inhabitants, with all the other main settlements being simple villages.