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Morocco flag
Kingdom of Morocco
Al-Mamlakah al-Maghribiyah
Tageldit n Lmayrib
   Morocco occupies the northwestern section of the continent and faces both the Atlantic and the Mediterranean; the Moroccan landscape is very varied, since in addition to the coastal plains we have desert areas, some mountains with the Atlas range and plateaus.
Government type Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Area 446,550 km² (172,414 sq mi)
Population 33,338,000 inh. (2014 census)
Population 36,313,000 inh. (2021 est.)
Population density 81 inh/km² (211 inh/mi²)
Capital Rabat (533,000 pop., 1,940,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Moroccan dirham
Human development index 0.686 (121th place)
Languages Arabic, Berber (both official), French, Spanish
Life expectancy M 75 years, F 77 years
Annexed territories Western Sahara (266,000 km² - 102,703 sq mi, 612,000 pop.)
Location in Africa


Spain NORTH (Ceuta, Melilla and Peñón de Vélez de la Gomera)
Algeria EAST
Mauritania SOUTH
Atlantic Ocean WEST
Mediterranean Sea NORTH-EAST


Largest cities
Casablanca 3,563,000 pop., 4,203,000 urban aggl.
Fès 1,187,000 pop., 1,258,000 urban aggl.
Tanger 1,039,000 pop.
Salé 996,000 pop.
Marrakech 907,000 pop.
Oujda 572,000 pop.
Meknès 571,000 pop., 726,000 urban aggl.
Rabat 533,000 pop., 1,940,000 urban aggl.
Agadir 498,000 pop., 948,000 urban aggl.
Highest mountains
Jebel Toubkal 4,165 m (13,665 ft)
Longest rivers
Draa 1,200 km (746 mi)
Oum Er Rbia 600 km (373 mi)
Sebou 500 km (311 mi)
Moulouya 450 km (280 mi)
Largest lakes
Al Wahda (artificial) 1,000 km² (386 sq mi)


   Administratively Morocco is divided into 12 regions, two of which (Laâyoune-Sakia El Hamra and Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab) in Western Sahara; they are both the two largest regions and the least populated ones, due to the almost totally desert territory; the Casablanca-Settat region with over 7 million inhabitants is instead the most populous.

   At the 2014 census, two cities, Casablanca and Fès, exceeded one million inhabitants, while another 5 had at least 500,000 people; the distribution of the population is not very homogeneous, given that the north-western area has a much greater density of large urban centers than other parts of Morocco, especially in comparison within the internal part of the country.