Government type Federal parliamentary republic
Area 637,657 kmē (246,201 sq mi)
Population 17,598,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 28 inh/kmē (71 inh/miē)
Capital Mogadishu (1,650,000 pop., 2,104,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Somali shilling
Languages Arabic, Somali (official), English, Italian
Life expectancy M 55 years, F 58 years
Since May 1991 the Somaliland region (formerly a former British protectorate) has declared itself independent. The Republic of Somaliland is located between the border with Djibouti and Ethiopia and the 49th meridian EAST. Its surface is 137,600 kmē and the population is approximately 4,500,000 inhabitants (55% nomads or semi-nomads). The capital is Hargeisa (741,000 pop., 1,098,000 urban aggl.), the second largest city in the country after Mogadishu.
The regions of Bari and Nugaal (June 1998), in the north-east of the country, have also become semi-autonomous, with the name of the Republic of Puntland.