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Ethiopia flag
Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia
Ityop'iya Federalawi Demokrasiyawi Ripeblik
   Ethiopia is located in north-eastern Africa north of Kenya, it is a completely continental nation, one of the most populous and poor in the world. The Ethiopian environment is often harsh and arid, much of the territory consists of quite high plateaus, the capital itself and the only large city of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, is located at 2,355 meters above sea level.
Government type Federal parliamentary republic
Area 1,104,300 kmē (426,373 sq mi)
Population 109,496,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 99 inh/kmē (257 inh/miē)
Capital Addis Ababa (4,030,000 pop., 7,185,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Ethiopian birr
Human development index 0.498 (175th place)
Languages Amharic (official), English, Arabic, regional languages
Life expectancy M 62 years, F 66 years
Location in Africa


Eritrea NORTH
Sudan and South Sudan WEST
Somalia EAST


Largest cities
Addis Ababa 4,030,000 pop., 7,185,000 urban aggl.
Gonder 487,000 pop.
Adama 480,000 pop.
Mekele 480,000 pop.
Awasa 442,000 pop.
Bahir Dar 366,000 pop.
Dire Dawa 355,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Ras Dashen 4,533 m (14,872 ft)
Longest rivers
Shebelle 2,050 km (1,274 mi) total, 1,150 km (715 mi) in Ethiopia
Jubba 1,650 km (1,025 mi) total, 775 km (482 mi) in Ethiopia
Blue Nile 1,450 km (901 mi) total, with section in Sudan
Awash 1,200 km (746 mi)
Omo 760 km (472 mi)
Tekezé 608 km (378 mi) total, with parts in Eritrea and Sudan
Largest lakes
Turkana 6,405 kmē (2,473 sq mi) total, including Kenyan section
Tana 3,250 kmē (1,255 sq mi), medium surface area
Abaya 1,160 kmē (448 sq mi)


   Ethiopia is a federation made up of 10 regions and 2 autonomous cities, the capital Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa; Oromiya and Somali are the two largest regions, with a similar surface just under 300,000 kmē, with the first also being the most populated region, ahead of Amhara.

   28 cities have at least 100,000 inhabitants, although Addis Ababa only exceeds 500,000 people; a good part of the main inhabited centers are located in the central belt of the country, on the Ethiopian plateau.

Addis Ababa