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Sudan flag
Republic of the Sudan
Jumhuriyyat as-Sudan
   Sudan was the largest of the African countries, before the independence of the southern part of 9 July 2011; the population density is not so high due to the presence of many arid areas, the country also has a coastal strip on the Red Sea. Sudan is largely flat and desert, with the course of the Nile breaking this predominant morphological character; the agricultural sector still involves the majority of the workforce.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 1,844,729 kmē (712,254 sq mi)
Population 46,874,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 25 inh/kmē (66 inh/miē)
Capital Khartoum (1,411,000 pop., 7,869,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Sudanese pound
Human development index 0.510 (170th place)
Languages Arabic, English (both official), Semitic and Nilo-Saharan languages
Life expectancy M 63 years, F 67 years
Location in Africa

Boundaries:

Egypt NORTH
Libya NORTH-WEST
Chad WEST
Central African Republic SOUTH-WEST
South Sudan SOUTH
Ethiopia SOUTH-EAST
Eritrea EAST
Red Sea NORTH-EAST

GEOGRAPHY DATA OF SUDAN


Largest cities
Omdurman 1,850,000 pop.
Khartoum 1,411,000 pop., 7,869,000 urban aggl.
Khartoum North 1,012,000 pop.
Nyala 780,000 pop., 1,161,000 urban aggl.
Port Sudan 490,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Jebel Marra 3,042 m (9,980 ft)
Longest rivers
Nile (with White Nile) 6,850 km (4,256 mi) total
Blue Nile 1,450 km (901 mi) total, with section in Ethiopia
Largest lakes
Lake Nasser (artificial) 6,000 kmē (2,317 sq mi) total, 750 kmē (290 sq mi) in Sudan
Largest islands
Mukawwar 20 kmē (7.7 sq mi)

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS OF SUDAN

   Sudan is administratively divided into 18 states, with those of North and North Darfur being the largest, but with the first also being the second least populated, due to the environment not very suitable for the massive human presence; the state of Khartoum is instead the one with the most inhabitants and precedes the neighboring Gezira, in what is the most densely populated area of the country, thanks to the presence of the White Nile and the Blue Nile.

   At the 2008 census there were 17 urban centers with over one hundred thousand inhabitants, including 3 over one million people, all in the urban area of the capital Khartoum; over half of the major cities are located along the banks of the Blue Nile or the White Nile, while the more desert area in the north-west has no significant inhabited centers.






Khartoum



Useful links

Real Sudan