Home > Africa > Tunisia
Tunisia flag
Republic of Tunisia
Al-Jumhuriyah at-Tunisiyah
   Tunisia is located in the north of Africa and is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east; it is the country that protrudes further north towards Europe, reaching about 150 km from the Sicilian coast. Landscape and territory are quite varied, ranging from the plain along the coastal strip to the southern desert area, passing through an area with plateaus alternating with plains and mountain ranges; the economy is more developed than in most African countries.
Government type Semi-presidential republic
Area 163,610 km▓ (63,170 sq mi)
Population 10,983,000 inh. (2014 census)
Population 11,905,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 73 inh/km▓ (188 inh/mi▓)
Capital Tunis (599,000 pop., 2,686,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Tunisian dinar
Human development index 0.731 (97th place)
Languages Arabic (official), Berber, French
Life expectancy M 75 years, F 78 years
Location in Africa


Algeria WEST
Mediterranean Sea NORTH and EAST


Largest cities
Tunis 599,000 pop., 2,686,000 urban aggl.
Sfax 287,000 pop., 654,000 urban aggl.
Sousse 251,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Jebel ech Chambi 1,544 m (5,066 ft)
Longest rivers
Medjerda 460 km (286 mi) total, with section in Algeria
Largest lakes
Chott el-JÚrid 5,000 km▓ (1,931 sq mi), maximum area
Largest islands
Djerba 514 km▓ (198 sq mi)
Chergui 110 km▓ (42.5 sq mi)
Gharbi 50 km▓ (19.3 sq mi)


   Tunisia is administratively divided into 24 governorates; although that of the capital is the smallest, it is the most populated one and precedes Sfax, both slightly over a million inhabitants; the two southern governorates of Tataouine and KÚbili are, on the other hand, the larger ones and together they make up over 1/3 of the territory, but are sparsely populated, since they include large desert areas.

   Half of the largest inhabited centers in the country are located in the urban agglomeration of the capital; moreover it can be noted that the vast majority of cities are located along the coast, with few exceptions.