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Georgia flag
   With Armenia and Azerbaijan, Georgia is 'squeezed' between Russia, Turkey and Iran and occupies that area called Transcaucasia; the territory switch from the plains of the inland and the area bounded by the Black Sea to the rugged peaks of the Caucasus which reaches and exceeds 5,000 meters in height and also in the south there are reliefs of a certain entity.
Government type Semi-presidential republic
Area 69,700 kmē (26,911 sq mi)
Population 3,714,000 inh. (2014 census, excluding Abkhazia and South Ossetia)
Population 3,689,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 64 inh/kmē (167 inh/miē)
Capital Tbilisi (1,171,000 pop., 1.238,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Georgian lari
Human development index 0.802 (63rd place)
Languages Georgian (official), Russian, Armenian, Azeri
Life expectancy M 70 years, F 78 years
Location in Asia


Russia NORTH
Turkey and Armenia SOUTH
Azerbaijan SOUTH-EAST
Black Sea WEST
Abkhazia and South Ossetia declared themselves independent in July 1992 and November 1991 respectively, a few months after the dissolution of the Soviet Union; both are officially recognized only by Russia and a handful of other countries. Abkhazia corresponds to the north-western part of Georgia, is 8,640 kmē wide and has an estimated population of about 245,000 inhabitants, with the capital Sukhumi (66,000 pop.); Abkhazians make up about 50% of the total, followed from Georgians (19%), Armenians (17%) and Russians (9%). South Ossetia has an area of 3,860 kmē and a predominantly mountainous territory, is located in the north-central part of Georgia and borders Russia (North Ossetia) to the north, is inhabited by 53,000 people, 89% of which is of Ossetian ethnicity, the capital is Tskhinvali (32,700 pop.).


Largest cities
Tbilisi 1,171,000 pop., 1,238,000 urban aggl.
Batumi 174,000 pop.
Kutaisi 129,000 pop.
Rustavi 129,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Shkhara 5,193 m (17,037 ft)
Janga 5,085 m (16,683 ft)
Mount Kazbek 5,054 m (16,581 ft)
Longest rivers
Mtkvari (or Kura) 1,515 km (941 mi) total, including parts in Turkey and Azerbaijan
Alazani 390 km (242 mi) total, with section in Azerbaijan
Rioni 327 km (203 mi)
Iori 320 km (199 mi) total, including stretch in Azerbaijan
Largest lakes
Pravani 37.5 kmē (14.5 sq mi)


   Georgia is administratively divided into 9 regions, 2 autonomous republics (Abkhazia and Adjara) and 1 autonomous city, the capital Tbilisi; portions of the territory of 4 regions (see notes below the first map) are occupied by South Ossetia and are excluded from population estimates; Kakheti is the largest and only region to exceed 10,000 square kilometers of surface area, while the district of the capital is the most populated entity, ahead of Imereti.

   More than 1/4 of the population lives in the capital Tbilisi, the only truly large Georgian city; the distribution of the major urban centers is however quite homogeneous, if the more mountainous areas are excluded.