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Nepal flag
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantra Nepal
   Nepal is located between China and India, between the Ganges plain from which it is lapped in the southern part and the plateau of Tibet and extends for about 900 kilometers in longitude and 200 in latitude. The northern part of the Nepalese territory is occupied by the most imposing mountain range on the planet, the Himalayas, with several peaks over 8,000 meters high; on the whole it is a country that is still quite backward economically.
Government type Federal parliamentary republic
Area 147,181 kmē (56,827 sq mi)
Population 29,192,000 inh. (2021 census)
Population density 198 inh/kmē (514 inh/miē)
Capital Kathmandu (846,000 pop., 4,313,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Nepalese rupee
Human development index 0.602 (143rd place)
Languages Nepali (official), local languages
Life expectancy M 68 years, F 71 years
Location in Asia




Largest cities
Kathmandu 846,000 pop., 4,313,000 urban aggl.
Pokhara 518,000 pop.
Bharatpur 369,000 pop.
Lalitpur 300,000 pop.
Birgunj 268,000 pop.
Biratnagar 245,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Everest 8,848 m (29,029 ft)
Kangchenjunga 8,586 m (28,169 ft)
Lhotse 8,516 m (27,940 ft)
Makalu 8,463 m (27,766 ft)
Cho Oyu 8,201 m (26,906 ft)
Dhaulagiri 8,167 m (26,795 ft)
Manaslu 8,163 m (26,781 ft)
Annapurna 8,091 m (26,545 ft)
Longest rivers
Karnali 1,080 km (671 mi) total, including parts in China and India
Koshi 720 km (447 mi) total, 350 km (217 mi) in Nepal
Gandaki 630 km (391 mi) total, with sections in India and China
Largest lakes
Rara Lake 10.6 kmē (4.1 sq mi)


   Following the new Nepalese constitution in force since 2015, 7 provinces were created to replace the previous regions; Karnali is the largest province while Madhesh and Bagmati, where the capital is also located, are the most populated, with just over 6 million inhabitants.

   In Nepal there is only two large cities, both over half a milion people, the capital Kathmandu, with an urban agglomeration of over 4 million people, and Pokhara; as can be seen clearly from the second map, many of the major urban centers are located in the southern part of the country, where the territory is flat.