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Lithuania flag
Republic of Lithuania
Lietuvos Respublika
   Lithuania is the southernmost of the Baltic Republics and has an area slightly larger than neighboring Latvia; it was the first to obtain independence from the Soviet Union in 1990. Territory and landscape are similar to those of its 'sisters' and therefore characterized by plains alternating with gentle hills that reach 300 meters in height; in 2004 Lithuania joined the European Union.
Government type Semi-presidential republic
Area 65,286 km˛ (25,207 sq mi)
Population 2,811,000 inh. (2021 census)
Population density 43 inh/km˛ (112 inh/mi˛)
Capital Vilnius (546,000 pop.)
Currency Euro
Human development index 0.875 (35th place)
Languages Lithuanian (official), Polish, Russian
Life expectancy M 72 years, F 81 years
Location in Europe


Latvia NORTH
Russia (Kaliningrad) EAST
Baltic Sea WEST


Largest cities
Vilnius 546,000 pop.
Kaunas 299,000 pop.
Klaipeda 152,000 pop.
Šiauliai 101,000 pop.
Panevežys 89,100 pop.
Highest mountains
Aukštojas 294 m (965 ft)
Longest rivers
Neman 937 km (582 mi) total, 476 km (296 mi) in Lithuania
Neris 510 km (317 mi) total, 238 km (148 mi) in Lithuania
Venta 346 km (215 mi) total, 168 km (104 mi) in Lithuania
Šešupe 298 km (185 mi) total, 208 km (129 mi) in Lithuania
Muša-Lielupe 284 km (176 mi) total, 146 km (91 mi) in Lithuania
Šventoji 247 km (153 mi)
Largest lakes
Drukšiai 45 km˛ (17.4 sq mi) total, a small portion is in Belarus
Dysnai 24 km˛ (9.3 sq mi)
Dusia 23 km˛ (8.9 sq mi)


   Lithuania is divided into 10 counties, with that of Vilnius, the largest, not far from the surface area of ten thousand square kilometers; together with that of Kaunas, where the other largest city in the country is located, it is one of the 2 most populated counties.

   There are 21 inhabited centers with at least 15,000 inhabitants, fairly well distributed on the territory; Klaipeda, on the shores of the Baltic Sea, and Šiauliai are the two other cities with over 100,000 people.