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Sweden flag
Kingdom of Sweden
Konungariket Sverige
   Sweden is the largest and most populous of the Scandinavian countries, most of the coasts are on the Baltic Sea, but to the southwest it also overlooks the North Sea. The country is flat in the southern and central part, while almost the entire border with Norway is characterized by mountains that just exceed 2,000 meters with the highest peaks; the most populated area goes from the capital to the south, with a more favorable climate, as much as 69% of the territory is covered by woods.
Government type Parliamentary constitutional monarchy
Area 447,435 km² (172,756 sq mi)
Population 10,529,000 inh. (2023)
Population density 24 inh/km² (61 inh/mi²)
Capital Stockholm (982,000 pop., 2,121,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Swedish krona
Human development index 0.947 (7th place)
Languages Swedish (official), Sámi, Finnish
Life expectancy M 81 years, F 85 years
Location in Europe


Norway WEST
Baltic Sea SOUTH and EAST


Largest cities
Stockholm 982,000 pop., 2,121,000 urban aggl.
Göteborg 591,000 pop., 629,000 urban aggl.
Malmö 324,000 pop.
Uppsala 167,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Kebnekaise 2,097 m (6,880 ft)
Sarektjåhkkå 2,089 m (6,854 ft)
Longest rivers
Dalälven 554 km (344 mi)
Torneälven 525 km (326 mi), the final part marks the border with Finland
Göta älv-Klarälven 747 km (464 mi) total, 520 km (323 mi) in Sweden
Largest lakes
Vänern 5,650 km² (2,181 sq mi)
Vättern 1,912 km² (738 sq mi)
Mälaren 1,140 km² (440 sq mi)
Hjälmaren 483 km² (186 sq mi)
Storsjön 464 km² (179 sq mi)
Largest islands
Gotland 2,994 km² (1,156 sq mi)
Öland 1,347 km² (520 sq mi)
Orust 346 km² (134 sq mi)
Hisingen 199 km² (77 sq mi)
Värmdö 181 km² (70 sq mi)


   Sweden is divided into 21 counties (län), with the northernmost one of Nordbotten making up just under 1/4 of the territory, thanks to a surface area of just over 100,000 km²; the counties of Stockholm, Västra Götaland and Skåne are the most populated, also because the three main cities are located here and alone accommodate over half of the Swedish population.

   The major cities of Sweden are located in the central-southern area of the territory, with the exception of some inhabited centers along the northern coastal strip on the Baltic Sea and of Östersund, located more inland; in 9 cities there are over 100,000 inhabitants.