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Dominican Republic flag
Dominican Republic
República Dominicana
   The Dominican Republic occupies the eastern part of the island of Hispaniola west of Puerto Rico in the Atlantic Ocean. The territory is mountainous towards the interior and the border with Haiti, flatter to the east; over the years, tourism has taken on more and more weight in the economy of this country, certainly more prosperous than neighboring Haiti.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 48,671 km² (18,792 sq mi)
Population 9,445,000 inh. (2010 census)
Population 10,695,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 220 inh/km² (569 inh/mi²)
Capital Santo Domingo (970,000 pop., 4,379,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Dominican peso
Human development index 0.756 (88th place)
Languages Spanish (official), Haitian Creole
Life expectancy M 71 years, F 77 years
Location in North-Central America


Haiti WEST
Atlantic Ocean NORTH, EAST and SOUTH


Largest cities
Santo Domingo 970,000 pop., 4,379,000 urban aggl.
Santiago de los Caballeros 551,000 pop., 694.000 urban aggl.
Los Alcarrizos 245,000 pop.
La Romana 225,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Pico Duarte 3,098 m (10,164 ft)
Longest rivers
Rio Yaque del Norte 296 km (184 mi)
Largest lakes
Lake Enriquillo 265 km² (102 sq mi)
Largest islands
Hispaniola 76,192 km² (29,418 sq mi) total, including the Haitian portion
Saona 105 km² (41 sq mi)
Beata 42 km² (16 sq mi)
Catalina 9 km² (3.5 sq mi)


   Dominican Republic is administratively divided into 31 provinces, plus the capital district; the provinces of San Juan and La Altagracia are the largest and the only ones to exceed 3,000 km² in area, while Santiago, with a population of nearly three million inhabitants, is by far the most populated province.

   At the 2010 census there were two cities over half a million inhabitants, the capital Santo Domingo and Santiago de los Caballeros, while another 8 urban centers exceeded the threshold of one hundred thousand people; as can be seen on the second map, the distribution of the main cities is not very homogeneous, with some areas of the country without significant inhabited centers.

Santo Domingo