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Haiti flag
Republic of Haiti
République d'Haïti
Repiblik Ayiti
   Country that corresponds to the western part of the island of Hispaniola, in the Greater Antilles, east of Cuba and Jamaica. The territory is mostly mountainous with rather indented coasts; Haiti has been independent for 2 centuries, but it is also the only country in America to be considered as having low human development, this also due to the often bad management of the political authorities that have gradually succeeded the government; the violent earthquake of 2010 further aggravated the economic situation.
Government type Semi-presidential republic
Area 27,750 km² (10,714 sq mi)
Population 12,069,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 435 inh/km² (1,126 inh/mi²)
Capital Port-au-Prince (987,000 pop., 3,171,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Haitian gourde
Human development index 0.510 (170th place)
Languages French, Haitian Creole (both official)
Life expectancy M 64 years, F 68 years
Location in North-Central America


Dominican Republic EAST
Atlantic Ocean NORTH, WEST and SOUTH


Largest cities
Port-au-Prince 987,000 pop., 3,171,000 urban aggl.
Carrefour 511,000 pop.
Delmas 395,000 pop.
Pétion-Ville 377,000 pop.
Gonaïves 279,000 pop.
Cité Soleil 265,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Pic La Selle 2,680 m (8,793 ft)
Longest rivers
Artibonite 320 km (199 mi)
Largest lakes
Étang Saumâtre 170 km² (66 sq mi)
Largest islands
Hispaniola 76,192 km² (29,418 sq mi) total, including the Dominican Republic section
Gonâve Island 743 km² (287 sq mi)
Tortuga 180 km² (69 sq mi)
Île-à-Vache 52 km² (20 sq mi)
Grand Cayemite 43 km² (17 sq mi)


   Haiti is administratively divided into 10 departments, with those of the Ouest and Artibonite being both the two largest, both with an area close to 5,000 km², and the most populated, with the first hosting over 1/3 of the population, thanks to the presence of the capital and its suburbs.

   According to 2009 estimates, the capital Port-au-Prince was not very far from one million inhabitants, abundantly exceeded with other important cities located in its urban area; almost all the major urban centers are located along the coast.