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Paraguay flag
Republic of Paraguay
República del Paraguay
Tetã Paraguái
   Paraguay is, together with Bolivia, the only other landlocked state in South America and is essentially flat. The Paraguay River cuts the country into two sections since the population is concentrated far east of this river, just think that the western region has a population density of not even one person per square kilometer; agriculture and hydroelectric resources are the basis of the economy.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 406,752 km² (157,048 sq mi)
Population 6,110,000 inh. (2022 census)
Population density 15 inh/km² (39 inh/mi²)
Capital Asunción (477,000 pop., 1,609,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Paraguayan guaraní
Human development index 0.717 (105th place)
Languages Spanish, Guaraní (both official)
Life expectancy M 72 years, F 77 years
Location in South America


Argentina SOUTH and WEST
Brazil EAST


Largest cities
Asunción 477,000 pop., 1,609,000 urban aggl.
Ciudad del Este 304,000 pop.
Luque 260,000 pop.
San Lorenzo 259,000 pop.
Capiatá 241,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Cerro Tres Kandú 842 m (2,762 ft)
Longest rivers
Paraná 4,880 km (3,032 mi) total, 800 km (497 mi) in Paraguay
Paraguay 2,620 km (1,628 mi) total, 1,300 km (808 mi) in Paraguay
Pilcomayo 1,800 km (1,118 mi) total, including parts in Argentina and Bolivia
Largest lakes
Ypacaraí Lake 56 km² (22 sq mi)


   Paraguay is divided into 17 departments, with the capital district having a separate status; the two northern departments of Boquerón and Alto Paraguay are those with the greatest territorial extension, but at the same time they are also the least populated ones, despite constituting more than 2/5 of the country's surface; the Central department, located near the capital, is by far the most populated, with under 2 million inhabitants.

   There are 21 cities with more than 50,000 inhabitants, of which 12 are part of the urban agglomeration of the capital Asunción; among the remaining inhabited centers only Ciudad del Este, near the border with Brazil and Argentina, exceeds 100,000 inhabitants.