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Uruguay flag
Oriental Republic of Uruguay
República Oriental del Uruguay
   Uruguay is a small country in comparison with its two neighbors Brazil and Argentina; it faces the Atlantic Ocean to the south-east. The territory is slightly undulating, but overall flat; for many decades Uruguay had one of the most solid economies in South America, put in a bit of a crisis in recent years.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 176,215 km² (68,037 sq mi)
Population 3,286,000 inh. (2012 census)
Population 3,555,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 20 inh/km² (52 inh/mi²)
Capital Montevideo (1,369,000 pop., 1,541,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Uruguayan peso
Human development index 0.809 (58th place)
Languages Spanish (official), English, Portuguese
Life expectancy M 74 years, F 81 years
Location in South America


Argentina WEST
Atlantic Ocean SOUTH-EAST


Largest cities
Montevideo 1,369,000 pop., 1,541,000 urban aggl.
Salto 104,000 pop.
Ciudad de la Costa 95,200 pop.
Paysandú 76,400 pop.
Las Piedras 71,300 pop.
Highest mountains
Cerro Catedral 514 m (1,686 ft)
Longest rivers
Uruguay 1,840 km (1,143 mi) total, 500 km (311 mi) in Uruguay
Rio Negro 750 km (466 mi) total, including small first section in Brazil
Largest lakes
Laguna Merin 3,750 km² (1,448 sq mi) total, biggest part is in Brazil
Laguna Negra 187 km² (72 sq mi)
Largest islands
Isla del Queguay Grande 19 km² (7.3 sq mi)


   Uruguay is administratively divided into 19 departments, with that of the capital Montevideo hosting just under 2/5 of the population; Tacuarembó is the largest and only department over 15,000 square kilometers.

   The only large city in the country is Montevideo, while another 21 inhabited centers exceed 25,000 people, with only Salto just over 100,000 inhabitants; as can be seen from the second map, the concentration and population density is higher in the southernmost area of the territory.