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Gabon flag
Gabonese Republic
République Gabonaise
   Gabon is located south of Cameroon and is almost cut in half by the Equator; to the west it overlooks the Atlantic Ocean, while further inland we have some not very pronounced mountain ranges. Compared to the African average, Gabon is a richer country, thanks to the mineral and oil resources and the export of timber (almost 3/4 of the state are rainforest); the population, very small considering the total surface area, lives mainly along the coastal strip.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 267,667 km² (103,347 sq mi)
Population 1,811,000 inh. (2013 census)
Population 2,312,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 8.6 inh/km² (22.5 inh/mi²)
Capital Libreville (599,000 pop.)
Currency Central African CFA franc
Human development index 0.706 (112th place)
Languages French (official), regional bantu languages
Life expectancy M 65 years, F 70 years
Location in Africa


Equatorial Guinea NORTH-WEST
Cameroon NORTH
Republic of the Congo EAST and SOUTH
Atlantic Ocean WEST


Largest cities
Libreville 599,000 pop.
Port-Gentil 136,000 pop.
Franceville 111,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Mont Bengoué 1,070 m (3,510 ft)
Longest rivers
Ogooué 1,200 km (746 mi) total, 1,050 km (652 mi) in Gabon
Ngounié 680 km (423 mi)
Ivindo 500 km (311 mi)


   Gabon is administratively divided into 9 provinces, with that of Estuaire, where the capital is located, which hosts half of the population; Ogooué-Ivindo, on the other hand, is the largest province, but its population density is very low, under two inhabitants per square kilometer.

   Almost the entire population (88%) lives in urban areas and in all there are 3 cities with more than one hundred thousand inhabitants, in addition to other 4 inhabited centers over 50,000 units; in each province there is at least one relevant settlement.