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Malawi flag
Republic of Malawi
Dziko la Malawi
   Malawi is located in south-eastern Africa and this small to medium-sized country extends mostly on the western shores of the lake of the same name, also known as Niassa. The central and northern part of the country is characterized by rather rugged mountains that descend from the border with Zambia to Lake Niassa, while in the south the plain takes over; the economy is still based mainly on agriculture.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 118,484 kmē (45,747 sq mi)
Population 17,564,000 inh. (2018 census)
Population 20,271,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 171 inh/kmē (443 inh/miē)
Capital Lilongwe (1,200,000 pop.)
Currency Malawian kwacha
Human development index 0.512 (169th place)
Languages English, Chichewa (official), regional languages
Life expectancy M 65 years, F 70 years
Location in Africa


Zambia WEST
Tanzania NORTH
Mozambique EAST and SOUTH


Largest cities
Lilongwe 1,200,000 pop.
Blantyre 885,000 pop., 906,000 urban aggl.
Mzuzu 285,000 pop.
Zomba 119,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Sapitwa 3,002 m (9,849 ft)
Longest rivers
Shire 400 km (249 mi) total, with part in Mozambique
Largest lakes
Malawi 30,044 kmē (11,600 sq mi) total, including section in Mozambique (more than 3/4 of the lake is in Malawi)
Chilwa 2,600 kmē (1,004 sq mi) total, a very small portion belongs to Mozambique
Malombe 450 kmē (174 sq mi)
Largest islands
Chisi (in Lake Chilwa) 21 kmē (8 sq mi)
Likoma (in Lake Malawi) 18 kmē (7 sq mi)


   Malawi is divided into 3 geographical regions and 28 districts; the most populated district is that of the capital, with more than double the population compared to the second in the ranking, while the district of Mzimba, in the north-western area of the country, is the one with the largest and only area above 10,000 square kilometers.

   There are two large cities in the country near one million inhabitants, the capital Lilongwe and Blantyre; the other inhabited centers are much smaller in size, apart from Mzuzu and Zomba; observing the second map, a greater concentration of the major urban centers in the central-southern area of the territory can be seen.