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Mozambique flag
Republic of Mozambique
República de Moçambique
   South-eastern African nation with over 2,500 km of coastline on the Indian Ocean; it gained independence from Portugal in 1975, but immediately afterwards it was devastated by a civil war for over 15 years, which contributed to making Mozambique one of the poorest countries in the world.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 799,380 km² (308,642 sq mi)
Population 27,910,000 inh. (2017 census)
Population 33,244,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 42 inh/km² (108 inh/mi²)
Capital Maputo (1,136,000 pop., 2,553,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Mozambican metical
Human development index 0.446 (185th place)
Languages Portuguese (official), Bantu languages
Life expectancy M 56 years, F 62 years
Location in Africa


Tanzania NORTH
Malawi and Zambia NORTH-WEST
Zimbabwe WEST
South Africa and Eswatini SOUTH-WEST
Indian Ocean EAST


Largest cities
Maputo 1,136,000 pop., 2,735,000 urban aggl.
Matola 1,032,000 pop.
Nampula 760,000 pop.
Beira 592,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Mount Binga 2,440 m (8,005 ft)
Longest rivers
Zambezi 2,700 km (1,678 mi) total, 820 km (510 mi) in Mozambique
Limpopo 1,800 km (1,118 mi) total, with sections in Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe
Rovuma 800 km (497 mi) total, 650 km (404 mi) in Mozambique
Lúrio 605 km (376 mi)
Messalo 530 km (329 mi)
Largest lakes
Malawi 30,044 km² (11,600 sq mi) total, including section in Malawi
Cahora Bassa Lake (artificial) 2,740 km² (1,058 sq mi)
Largest islands
Bazaruto 105 km² (40.5 sq mi)
Inhaca 52 km² (20 sq mi)


   Mozambique is administratively divided into 10 provinces, with the capital Maputo constituting a separate district; three provinces exceed one hundred thousand square kilometers in area, in the order Niassa, Zambezia and Tete, while Nampula and Zambezia are the two most populated provinces, both with over 5 million inhabitants.

   Maputo and nearby Matola are the only two cities over a million inhabitants; the distribution of the other major inhabited centers is however quite homogeneous, as can be seen from the second map.