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Zimbabwe flag
Republic of Zimbabwe
Nyika yeZimbabwe
Ilizwe leZimbabwe
   Zimbabwe is a continental country in southern Africa, located east of Mozambique. The territory develops between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers, includes plateaus at various heights; all economic sectors have good prospects and the quality of life is slowly improving.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 390,757 kmē (150,872 sq mi)
Population 15,179,000 inh. (2022 census)
Population density 39 inh/kmē (101 inh/miē)
Capital Harare (1,492,000 pop., 2,353,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Zimbabwean dollar
Human development index 0.593 (146th place)
Languages English, Shona, Ndebele (all official), 13 other recognized regional languages
Life expectancy M 59 years, F 62 years
Location in Africa


Mozambique EAST
South Africa SOUTH
Botswana WEST


Largest cities
Harare 1,492,000 pop., 2,353,000 urban aggl.
Bulawayo 666,000 pop.
Chitungwiza 371,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Mount Nyangani 2,592 m (8,504 ft)
Longest rivers
Zambezi 2,700 km (1,678 mi) total, 765 km (475 mi) in Zimbabwe
Limpopo 1,800 km (1,118 mi) total, 230 km (143 mi) in Zimbabwe
Munyati 500 km (311 mi)
Largest lakes
Lake Kariba (artificial) 5,580 kmē (2,154 sq mi), with the section in Zambia


   Zimbabwe is divided into 8 provinces and 2 cities with comparable status; Northern Matabeleland, which forms the westernmost part of the country, is the largest province, while Harare has the largest number of inhabitants, just under 2.5 million.

   In addition to the capital Harare, Bulawayo was also a fairly large city, with over half a million inhabitants at the last census; the major urban centers are particularly concentrated around Harare and in the central part of the territory, while other areas are more sparsely populated.