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Uganda flag
Republic of Uganda
Jamhuri ya Uganda
   Uganda is located in the heart of Africa and includes within its borders part of Lake Victoria, the largest African lake. The territory consists of a plateau at an altitude of 1,200 meters, enclosed by various mountain ranges culminating in the south-west in the over 5,000 meters of the Ruwenzori; the economic and population situation is slightly better than in neighboring countries.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 241,555 kmē (93,265 sq mi)
Population 34,635,000 inh. (2014 census)
Population 46,931,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 194 inh/kmē (503 inh/miē)
Capital Kampala (1,794,000 pop., 4,679,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Ugandan shilling
Human development index 0.525 (166th place)
Languages English, Swahili (both official), regional languages
Life expectancy M 63 years, F 65 years
Location in Africa


South Sudan NORTH
Democratic Republic of the Congo WEST
Tanzania SOUTH
Kenya EAST


Largest cities
Kampala 1,794,000 pop., 4,679,000 urban aggl.
Nansana 533,000 pop.
Kira 463,000 pop.
Makindye Ssabagabo 413,000 pop.
Kyengera 366,000 pop.
Mbarara 239,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Ruwenzori 5,109 m (16,762 ft)
Mount Elgon 4,321 m (14,177 ft)
Longest rivers
Nile 6,850 km (4,256 mi) total, the section in Uganda it is called Victory Nile first and Alberto Nile later
Kagera 690 km (429 mi) total, with sections in Burundi, Rwanda and Tanzania
Largest lakes
Victoria 68,800 kmē (26,564 sq mi) total, 30,800 kmē (11,892 sq mi) in Uganda
Albert 5,300 kmē (2,046 sq mi) total, including section in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Edward 2,325 kmē (898 sq mi) total, largest part belongs to the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Largest islands
Bugala 275 kmē (106 sq mi) in Lake Victoria
Buvuma 230 kmē (89 sq mi) in Lake Victoria


   Uganda is divided into 136 districts, gathered in the four regions of the north, west, east and center; the central region, which includes the capital Kampala and its suburbs, is the most populated, while the northern region is the one with the largest surface area.

   Almost half of the urban centers with at least one hundred thousand inhabitants are located in the urban area of the capital Kampala, which has 4 and a half million people; on the whole, the population is in any case distributed fairly evenly, while the northern region is both the largest and the least populated and is therefore less sparsely populated than the rest of the country.