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Manila, capital of the Philippines   In the table below a summary with all the capitals of Asia, you find also a useful map with their position on the continent and the population updated to the latest data or available estimates, both of the city itself and of its urban agglomeration.

   The capital of Japan Tokyo is the largest metropolis on the planet (considering the entire urban area), with Jakarta which stops at about 4 million fewer inhabitants; we also find 3 other capitals over 20 million people, New Delhi, Manila and Seoul.

   The least populous capital is Thimphu in Bhutan, which is one of the least populated countries of this continent.

   A couple of capitals are located at an elevation of over 2,000 meters, Thimphu in Bhutan and Sana'a in Yemen; in reverse Baku, in Azerbaijan, is located below sea level, at -28 meters, the level of the Caspian Sea, on whose shores this city was founded.

   Turkey and Russia have a part of the territory in Asia and a minor part in Europe; as regards the first, the capital (Ankara) is located in Asia, while in the second case (Moscow) it is located in Europe, where it is also the most populous city.


Flag Country  Capital Population Urban aggl. Elevation
Afghanistan flag Afghanistan Kabul 4,602,000 5,151,000 1,790 m
Armenia flag Armenia Yerevan 1,092,000 1,472,000 998 m
Azerbaijan flag Azerbaijan Baku 2,303,000 3,081,000 -28 m
Bahrain flag Bahrain Manama 157,000 595,000 3 m
Bangladesh flag Bangladesh Dhaka 8,906,000 18,627,000 60 m
Bhutan maps Bhutan Thimphu 135,000 135,000 2,320 m
Brunei maps Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 225,000 225,000 14 m
Cambodia flag Cambodia Phnom Penh 2,189,000 2,463,000 12 m
China flag China Beijing 18,522,000 18,522,000 44 m
Cyprus flag Cyprus Nicosia 116,000 327,000 220 m
Georgia flag Georgia Tbilisi 1,171,000 1,238,000 410 m
India flag India New Delhi 258,000 32,226,000 210 m
Indonesia flag Indonesia Jakarta 10,610,000 33,756,000 8 m
Iran flag Iran Tehran 8,694,000 14,148,000 1,165 m
Iraq flag Iraq Baghdad 6,183,000 6,183,000 34 m
Israel flag Israel Jerusalem 936,000 1,544,000 754 m
Japan flag Japan Tokyo 9,733,000 37,732,000 40 m
Jordan flag Jordan Amman 2,099,000 4,677,000 770 m
Kazakhstan map Kazakhstan Astana 1,240,000 1,240,000 347 m
North Korea flag North Korea Pyongyang 2,326,000 2,326,000 27 m
South Korea flag South Korea Seoul 9,586,000 23,016,000 38 m
Kuwait flag Kuwait Kuwait City 62,100 3,240,000 6 m
Kyrgyzstan flag Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 1,059,000 1,356,000 750 m
Laos flag Laos Vientiane 732,000 990,000 174 m
Lebanon flag Lebanon Beirut 433,000 2,868,000 35 m
Malaysia flag Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1,982,000 8,911,000 22 m
Maldives flag Maldives Malé 242,000 242,000 2 m
Mongolia flag Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 1,466,000 1,602,000 1,350 m
Myanmar flag Myanmar Naypyidaw 334,000 769,000 8 m
Nepal flag Nepal Kathmandu 846,000 4,313,000 1,400 m
Oman flag Oman Muscat 32,100 1,332,000 69 m
Pakistan flag Pakistan Islamabad 1,009,000 4,702,000 550 m
Palestine flag Palestine East Jerusalem 311,000 311,000 760 m
Philippines flag Philippines Manila 1,847,000 24,922,000 7 m
Qatar flag Qatar Doha 872,000 1,886,000 1 m
Russia flag Russia Moscow 13,010,000 17,332,000 148 m
Saudi Arabia flag Saudi Arabia Riyadh 7,237,000 7,237,000 612 m
Singapore flag Singapore Singapore 5,686,000 5,686,000 4 m
Sri Lanka flag Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte 108,000 3,581,000 27 m
Syria flag Syria Damascus 1,710,000 2,510,000 700 m
Taiwan flag Taiwan Taipei 2,563,000 9,079,000 10 m
Tajikistan flag Tajikistan Dushanbe 863,000 1,468,000 706 m
Thailand flag Thailand Bangkok 5,528,000 18,007,000 20 m
East Timor flag East Timor
(Timor-Leste)
Dili 245,000 245,000 5 m
Turkey flag Turkey Ankara 5,155,000 5,389,000 938 m
Turkmenistan flag Turkmenistan Ashgabat 1,234,000 1,234,000 219 m
United Arab Emirates flag United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 1,374,000 1,374,000 14 m
Uzbekistan flag Uzbekistan Tashkent 2,862,000 3,585,000 455 m
Vietnam flag Vietnam Hanoi 3,605,000 7,547,000 19 m
Yemen flag Yemen Sana'a 2,545,000 3,274,000 2,250 m




* data on urban agglomerations updated to 2022 (estimates), those on population according to official data or more recent estimates of the national statistical services, when different from urban agglomerations.