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Santiago, capital of Chile   In the table below a summary with all the capitals of South America, you find also a useful map with their position on the continent and the population updated to the latest data or available estimates, both of the city itself and of its urban agglomeration.

   The most populous capital is Buenos Aires in Argentina, the second city by number of inhabitants (considering the urban agglomerations) of the Continent after Săo Paulo in Brazil; Lima and Bogotá, the capitals of Peru and Colombia, are close to 10 million inhabitants.

   Although there are only 13 countries on this continent, it is interesting to underline that the first three highest capitals in the world are located here, all between 2,500 and 3,000 meters above sea level, a rather significant altitude.

   Four capitals have less than 1 million inhabitants, also because in three of these countries the population is quite low, except Bolivia, which since 2009 has Sucre as its only capital, a city smaller than La Paz, where the government offices are still located.

Flag Country  Capital Population Urban aggl. Elevation
Argentina flag Argentina Buenos Aires 3,072,000 16,216,000 25 m
Bolivia flag Bolivia Sucre 280,000 280,000 2,810 m
Brazil flag Brazil Brasilia 2,951,000 3,429,000 1,170 m
Chile flag Chile Santiago 5,220,000 7,026,000 567 m
Colombia flag Colombia Bogotá 7,387,000 9,274,000 2,640 m
Ecuador flag Ecuador Quito 2,011,000 2,670,000 2,850 m
Guyana flag Guyana Georgetown 125,000 125,000 4 m
Paraguay flag Paraguay Asunción 521,000 3,086,000 43 m
Perú flag Perú Lima 8,992,000 8,992,000 30 m
Suriname flag Suriname Paramaribo 241,000 241,000 3 m
Trinidad and Tobago flag Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 37,100 587,000 3 m
Uruguay flag Uruguay Montevideo 1,325,000 1,535,000 43 m
Venezuela flag Venezuela Caracas 2,088,000 5,847,000 900 m

* data on urban agglomerations updated to 2021 (estimates), those on population according to official data or more recent estimates of the national statistical services, when different from urban agglomerations.