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Myanmar flag
Republic of the Union of Myanmar
Pyidaunzu Thanmada Myama Nainngandaw
   Myanmar is the northernmost of the Indochina countries and extends between China and India to the north, then stretching southwards alongside Thailand, with over 1,900 km of coastline on the Indian Ocean. The territory, over 50% covered by forests, is mountainous along most of the Indian and Chinese borders, while it is flat in the center and in the Yangon area; for several decades (until 2010) the country was controlled by governments and military dictatorships, a non-military president was in office from 15 March 2016 to early 2021, but a coup brought back the previous situation.
Government type Constitutional monarchy
Area 676,577 kmē (261,228 sq mi)
Population 51,486,000 inh. (2014 census)
Population 55,750,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 82 inh/kmē (213 inh/miē)
Capital Naypyidaw (334,000 pop., 769,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Myanmar kyat
Human development index 0.585 (149th place)
Languages Burmese (official), indigenous idioms
Life expectancy M 63 years, F 70 years
Location in Asia


Bangladesh and India NORTH-WEST
Indian Ocean SOUTH-WEST


Largest cities
Yangon 4,729,000 pop., 6,874,000 urban aggl.
Mandalay 1,226,000 pop., 1,780,000 urban aggl.
Naypyidaw 334,000 pop., 769,000 urban aggl.
Taunggyi 265,000 pop.
Bago 254,000 pop.
Mawlamyine 254,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Hkakabo Razi 5,881 m (19,295 ft)
Longest rivers
Mekong 4,350 km (2,703 mi) total, 270 km (168 mi) in Myanmar, it marks the entire border with Laos and about 30 km of that with China
Salween 2,815 km (1,749 mi) total, including parts in China and Thailand
Irrawaddy 2,170 km (1,348 mi)
Chindwin 1,207 km (750 mi)
Largest lakes
Indawgyi 130 kmē (50 sq mi)
Largest islands
Ramree 1,350 kmē (521 sq mi)
Cheduba 523 kmē (202 sq mi)
Kadan Kyun 450 kmē (174 sq mi)


   Myanmar is administratively divided into 7 regions and 7 states, with the latter differing from the first due to the presence of a particular ethnic minority; Shan State is the largest entity, with over 150,000 kmē of surface area, while the region of the former capital Yangon is home to the largest number of inhabitants.

   Two cities have more than 1 million inhabitants, Yangon, which is close to 5 million, and Mandalay, just above this threshold; the main urban centers are well distributed on the territory, even if there is a greater concentration in the central area.