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El Salvador flag
Republic of El Salvador
República de El Salvador
   El Salvador is the smallest country in Central America and is located between Guatemala and Honduras, facing south on the Pacific Ocean. The territory is of volcanic origin and although it does not reach great peaks of elevation it has an average altitude of 600 meters, with only the coastal strip at sea level.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 21,041 km² (8,124 sq mi)
Population 6,331,000 inh. (2022 est.)
Population density 301 inh/km² (779 inh/mi²)
Capital San Salvadòr (210,000 pop., 1,575,000 urban aggl.)
Currency United States dollar
Human development index 0.673 (124th place)
Languages Spanish (official), Amerindian languages
Life expectancy M 68 years, F 77 years
Location in North-Central America


Guatemala WEST
Pacific Ocean SOUTH


Largest cities
Soyapango 285,000 pop.
Santa Ana 231,000 pop.
San Salvadòr 210,000 pop., 1,575,000 urban aggl.
San Miguel 202,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Cerro El Pital 2,730 m (8,957 ft)
Longest rivers
Rio Lempa 422 km (262 mi) total, 360 km (224 mi) in El Salvador
Largest lakes
Lake Ilopango 72 km² (28 sq mi)
Lake Güija 45 km² (17 sq mi) total, 32 km² (12 sq mi) in El Salvador
Caldera De Coatepeque 26 km² (10 sq mi)
Largest islands
Meanguera 16.5 km² (6.4 sq mi)
Conchagüita 8.5 km² (3.3 sq mi)


   El Salvador is divided into 14 departments, with that of the capital being the only one to exceed one million inhabitants; the department of Usulután, in the south-east of the country, is the largest, but slightly precedes 4 other departments, all just over 2,000 km² in area.

   Soyapango, in the urban area of the capital, is the most populated city ahead of Santa Ana, which together with San Miguel is the only inhabited center over 100,000 inhabitants located in a different area of the country, with a distribution of the population clearly focused towards San Salvador and its immediate vicinity.

San Salvador