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Honduras flag
Republic of Honduras
República de Honduras
   Honduras is a Central American country located between Guatemala and Nicaragua, bounded by the Caribbean Sea (Atlantic Ocean), as well as by a strip of the Pacific Ocean to the south. A vast plateau characterizes the morphology of Honduras, which is also crossed by various mountain ranges that reach almost 3,000 meters in height.
Government type Presidential republic
Area 112,492 km² (43,433 sq mi)
Population 8,304,000 inh. (2013 census)
Population 9,893,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 88 inh/km² (228 inh/mi²)
Capital Tegucigalpa (1,212,000 pop., 1,599,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Honduran lempira
Human development index 0.621 (137th place)
Languages Spanish (official), Indigenous languages
Life expectancy M 71 years, F 76 years
Location in North-Central America


Guatemala WEST
El Salvador SOUTH-WEST
Nicaragua SOUTH-EAST
Pacific Ocean SOUTH
Atlantic Ocean (Caribbean Sea) NORTH


Largest cities
Tegucigalpa 1,212,000 pop., 1,599,000 urban aggl.
San Pedro Sula 805,000 pop., 1,155,000 urban aggl.
Choloma 255,000 pop.
La Ceiba 219,000 pop.
Highest mountains
Cerro Las Minas 2,870 m (9,416 ft)
Longest rivers
Rio Coco 680 km (423 mi) total, including the initial stretch in Nicaragua
Patuca 500 km (311 mi)
Ulúa 400 km (249 mi)
Choluteca 349 km (217 mi)
Largest lakes
Yojoa 79 km² (30.5 sq mi)
Largest islands
Roatán 130 km² (50 sq mi)
El Tigre 75 km² (29 sq mi)
Guanaja 54 km² (21 sq mi)
Útila 48 km² (18.5 sq mi)


   Honduras is administratively divided into 18 departments, with those of Olancho and Gracias a Dios, in the central-eastern part of the country, being the two largest; the departments of Cortés and Francisco Morazán, where the two major cities are located, are instead the most populated and only, abundantly over a million inhabitants.

   In the country there are two good-sized cities, the capital Tegucigalpa and San Pedro Sula, around which there are other important urban centers; the distribution of the major inhabited centers is however quite homogeneous, with the exception of the easternmost part, which is sparsely populated.