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Mexico flag
United Mexican States
Estados Unidos Mexicanos
   Mexico is the third largest country in North America, and due to its position it is a conjunction with Central and Latin America; it is bounded both by the Atlantic Ocean, and to a greater extent by the Pacific Ocean. The heart of Mexico is the central plateau that extends for 2,000 km in length and 500 in width, surrounded by various mountain ranges, the plain takes over in the eastern part, in correspondence with the Yucatan.
Government type Federal presidential republic
Area 1,960,647 km² (757,010 sq mi)
Population 126,014,000 inh. (2020 census)
Population 129,388,000 inh. (2024 est.)
Population density 66 inh/km² (171 inh/mi²)
Capital Mexico City (8,844,000 pop., 21,905,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Mexican peso
Human development index 0.758 (86th place)
Languages Spanish (official), indigenous languages
Life expectancy M 72 years, F 79 years
Location in North-Central America


United States NORTH
Guatemala and Belize SOUTH-EAST
Pacific Ocean WEST and SOUTH
Atlantic Ocean EAST


Largest cities
Mexico City 8,844,000 pop., 21,905,000 urban aggl.
Tijuana 1,811,000 pop.
Ecatepec de Morelos 1,644,000 pop.
León 1,580,000 pop.
Puebla 1,542,000 pop., 2,106,000 urban aggl.
Ciudad Juárez 1,502,000 pop.
Guadalajara 1,386,000 pop., 4,401,000 urban aggl.
Zapopan 1,258,000 pop.
Monterrey 1,143,000 pop., 4,674,000 urban aggl.
Ciudad Nezahualcóyotl 1,073,000 pop.
Chihuahua 926,000 pop.
Mérida 922,000 pop., 996,000 urban aggl.
Aguascalientes 864,000 pop., 909,000 urban aggl.
San Luis Potosí 846,000 pop., 1,009,000 urban aggl.
Querétaro 795,000 pop., 1,037,000 urban aggl.
Torreón 690,000 pop., 1,289,000 urban aggl.
Toluca de Lerdo 224,000 pop., 1,672,000 urban aggl.
Highest mountains
Pico de Orizaba 5,636 m (18,491 ft)
Popocatépetl 5,426 m (17,802 ft)
Iztaccihuatl 5,230 m (17,159 ft)
Longest rivers
Rio Grande / Rio Bravo del Norte 3,060 km (1,901 mi) total, 2,001 km (1,243 mi) in Mexico
Colorado 2,333 km (1,450 mi) total, only a small final portion is in Mexico
Usumacinta 1,000 km (621 mi) total, including part in Guatemala
Balsas 771 km (479 mi)
Lerma 750 km (466 mi)
Largest lakes
Chapala 1,116 km² (431 sq mi)
Cuitzeo 306 km² (118 sq mi)
Largest islands
Tiburón Island 1,499 km² (579 sq mi)
Isla Ángel de la Guarda 930 km² (359 sq mi)
Cozumel 468 km² (181 sq mi)


   Mexico is a federation of 31 states, with the capital forming a separate district; Chihuahua, Sonora and Coahuila, all located in the northern part of the country, are the 3 largest states, while the state of Mexico is the most populated and unique with over 10 million inhabitants, limit to which the federal district of the capital approaches.

   In 10 cities there are over one million inhabitants, while many others stay just below this limit; the distribution of the major urban centers is fairly well balanced between the various areas of Mexico.

Mexico City