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Namibia flag
Republic of Namibia
   Namibia is located in the north of South Africa and gained independence from this country in 1990, in the west it is bounded by the Atlantic. It is one of the least densely populated countries on Earth mainly due to the territory which consists of a semi-arid plateau with an average height of 1,000-1,500 meters and a desert coastal strip; there are considerable deposits of diamonds, uranium and other minerals, of which the subsoil is rich.
Government type Semi-presidential republic
Area 825,229 km² (318,622 sq mi)
Population 3,022,000 inh. (2023 census)
Population density 3.7 inh/km² (9.5 inh/mi²)
Capital Windhoek (486,000 pop., 529,000 urban aggl.)
Currency Namibian dollar
Human development index 0.615 (139th place)
Languages English (official), Afrikaans, German, regional languages
Life expectancy M 60 years, F 66 years
Location in Africa


Angola NORTH
Botswana EAST
South Africa SOUTH-EAST
Atlantic Ocean WEST


Largest cities
Windhoek 486,000 pop., 529,000 urban aggl.
Rundu 119,000 pop.
Walvis Bay 103,000 pop.
Swakopmund 75,900 pop.
Highest mountains
Königstein 2,573 m (8,442 ft)
Longest rivers
Zambezi 2,700 km (1,678 mi) total, 150 km (93 mi) in Namibia
Orange 2,092 km (1,300 mi) total, 580 km (360 mi) in Namibia
Okavango 1,600 km (994 mi) total, with sections in Angola and Botswana
Cunene 945 km (587 mi) total, with part in Angola
Kwando 730 km (454 mi) total, including sections in Angola, Botswana and Zambia
Largest lakes
Etosha Pan 4,800 km² (1,853 sq mi), maximum surface area, non-permanent basin


   Namibia is administratively divided into 14 regions; the southernmost of Karas is the largest, while the region of Khomas, where the capital is located, is the most populated with just under half a million inhabitants.

   The capital Windhoek is the only city with over two hundred thousand inhabitants, while Rundu and Walvis Bay have over one hundred thousand people; along the Atlantic belt there are only two major urban centers, with the other cities and towns located mostly near the capital or the border with Angola.